Transport inventions

Invention Inventor Date
Aeroplane (controlled and engine powered flight) Orville and Wilbur Wright  1903
Airbag Arnold Kent (idea) 1961
Airship Henri Giffard 1852
Aqualung Jacques Cousteau 1943
Automobile (internal-combustion and gasoline-powered) Siegfried Marcus (experimental)
Karl Benz
c.1864
1885 (patent)
Bicycle (pedal) Kirkpatrick Macmillan 1839
Chronometer (marine) John Harrison 1735
Diesel engine Rudolf Diesel 1892 (patent)
Elevator (safety) Elisha Graves Otis 1852
Engine (internal combustion) Jean-Joseph Etienne Lenoir 1860
Helicopter (first manned vertical lift-off) Louis and Jacques Breguet 1907
Hot air balloon Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier 1783
Hovercraft Christopher Sydney Cockerell 1955
Jet engine Frank Whittle 1930 (patent)
Motorcar (first self-propelled vehicle with a steam engine) Nicholas Cugnot 1769
Motorcycle (petrol) Gottleib Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach 1885
Parking meter Carlton C. Magee 1932 (patent)
Penny farthing bicycle James Starley 1870
Railway (passenger steam) George Stephenson 1825
Rocket (liquid fuelled) Konstantin Tsolkovsky (theory)
Robert Goddard (first launch)
1903
1926
Seaplane Henri Fabre 1910
Seat belt (three-point) Nils Bohlin and Volvo 1959
Spaceflight (manned) Yuri Gagarin (USSR - first human in space - not the inventor of spaceflight) 1961
Subway Charles Pearson (idea) 1863
Tyre (pneumatic, with valve) John Dunlop 1888

Go to our Inventions for kids page to see our full list of inventions and resources.

Print