There are six important skills that your child will need to learn to read. Children can begin to develop these skills from birth.
- Print motivation: interest and enjoyment in books.
- Vocabulary: beginning to know the names of things.
- Print awareness: noticing words on a page and understanding how to follow them, knowing how to hold and treat a book.
- Letter knowledge: recognising and naming letters, recognising letter sounds.
- Phonological awareness: awareness of sounds and rhymes and beginning to understand the link between written and spoken words.
- Narrative skills: describing things and events, learning how to tell stories.
Tips for sharing books
- Talk, sing or make noises with the pictures.
- Let the child turn the page.
- Show the front of the book.
- Create voices with the characters.
- Use child’s name or other, for the characters.
- Ask questions about the pictures and story.
- Make your own books.
- Make it a regular time.
More information and resources to use at home
How to read to children
What you need
- Children’s books
- Position yourself so both you and the children are comfortable.
- Allow your listeners, especially younger children, a few minutes to settle down and get ready to hear the story.
- Mood is an important factor in listening. Create anticipation.
- Use plenty of expression and change your tone of voice to fit the dialogue.
- Adjust your pace to fit the story. During a suspenseful part, slow down, draw your words out and bring your listeners to the edge of their seats!
- Be enthusiastic. Read stories that you enjoy yourself – your dislike will show if you read books that you don’t like.
Why create readers?
- Readers are better writers.
- Readers get better jobs.
- Exposure to early reading experiences can increase IQ.
- Good readers acquire second languages more easily
What makes a good reader?
- Reading aloud to a child from birth.
- Modelling reading daily.
- Exposing them to books and stories.
How to help children love what they read
- Set an example – read what you love and love what you read.
- Slow down and find the time.
- Read aloud.
- Have books in lots of places.
- Don’t turn it into a vocabulary lesson.
- Read a variety of books.
- Go to the library and discover…